Monuments to the Civil War

7 somber military monuments that stand over the region

The region has a number of such Civil War and military monuments, according to a database maintained by the Cincinnati Museum Center. Nearly three dozen, from as early as 1870, stand in a mix of public and not-as-public places to honor those who served.

Here are seven that are worth the drive to see up close:

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Soldiers, Sailors and Pioneers Monument

The Butler County Soldiers, Sailors and Pioneers Monument was built by the people of Butler County to honor those who served and who sacrificed their lives in the service of our country. The monument also celebrates the men and women who first settled Butler County. The monument is open to the public Thursday, Friday and Saturday from 10 am to 4 pm and Memorial Day, July 4th and Veterans Day. The monument is located at One South Monument Avenue in Hamilton at the site Fort Hamilton was located. Construction started in 1902 and the official dedication took place July 4, 1906. A 3,500 pound, 14 foot, bronze statue of a Civil War soldier known as "Billy Yank" created by Hamilton sculptor Rudolph Theim stands on top of the monument. GREG LYNCH/STAFF
Photo: Greg Lynch

A Civil War soldier stands on top of the Soldiers’ Sailors and Pioneers monument in Hamilton. The statue, entitled “Victory, the Jewel of the Soul,” is also known as “Billy Yank.” It is made of bronze, stands 17 feet tall and weighs 3,500 pounds.

Below the soldier, the monument houses a collection of Civil War weapons and swords, an exhibit on 20th Century American Wars and the records of Butler County residents who have served in World War I, World War II, the Korean War, Vietnam War and Gulf War.

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Soldiers Monument

This Civil War Soldiers Monument is located on Main Street in downtown Dayton and includes a bronze reproduction of originally marble sculpted Pvt. Geroge Washington Fair. TY GREENLEES / STAFF
Photo: Ty Greenlees

Montgomery County dedicated a memorial to Civil War Union veterans on July 31, 1884 in the center of Main and Monument Streets. The model for the monument was Pvt. George Washington Fair of Dayton.

The monument was moved to Sunrise Park on Riverview Avenue in 1948 and returned to Main Street in 1991. The marble statue was damaged by the elements and replaced in bronze form. The original statue of Private Fair is now located under a portico at the VA Hospital.

Soldier at Parade Rest
Pleasant Hill, Miami County

A view of the Pleasant Hill Civil War Soldier monument on Main Street in Pleasant Hill. The village was to move the solider out of the middle of Ohio 48 and 718 but now there are those who are changing their minds. The state already gave the village lots of new money for street upgrades with agreement Soldier would be moved to a near park nearby. Photo by Jim Witmer

This soldier on top of the monument made of Vermont granite sits on a marble base and was dedicated Oct. 31, 1895.

The names of 12 soldiers who died during the war are inscribed on the base along with these words, “Dedicated by the grateful people of Newton Township, in memory of her fallen heroes who died in defense of the Union and who sleep in unknown graves.”

Soldier holding a gun
Woodside Cemetery, Middletown

The Soldiers and Sailors monument is one of several at Woodside Cemetery and Arboretum honoring veterans from all branches of the military service. NICK GRAHAM/STAFF

A soldier holds a gun on top of a large stone base at Middletown’s Woodside Cemetery. An inscription on the monument, “In memory of our soldiers and sailors by the people of Butler Co."

According to the Woodside Cemetery and Arboretum website “Local farmers were asked to haul their finest boulders to the site and when sufficient funds were raised, the 100 ft. Soldiers and Sailors Memorial was commissioned by the famous and noted architect, Frank Mills Andrews and completed in 1902 with the addition of a bronze statue that was donated by Paul J. Sorg.”

In 2015, three Civil War cannons were rededicated after being restored with new granite bases.

Soldier Monument
Ferncliff Cemetery, Springfield

General J. Warren Keifer is one of the Civil War veterans buried in Ferncliff Cemetery who will be mentioned on the April 13 tour. Bill Lackey/Staff

The Civil War memorial at Ferncliff Cemetery was sculpted by artist Henry Lovie. Lovie was born in Prussia, immigrated to the United States and became a portrait and landscape painter in Cincinnati.

The memorial was originally erected at the corner of Limestone Street and Columbia Avenue in 1869.

The Union soldier’s position differs from parade rest. The muzzle faces down with the soldiers hands resting on the butt of the gun. In parade rest, the muzzle faces up.

Dayton Soldier’s Monument
Dayton National Cemetery

The Dayton Soldiers' Monument sits atop a hill at the center of the Dayton National Cemetery landscape. The cornerstone was laid in 1873, and it was completed in 1877. The structure is composed of a 30-foot marble column on a granite base. At the corners of the base stand four figures representing the Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Navy. TY GREENLEES / STAFF

The Dayton National Cemetery was established as the permanent burial site for residents of the Central Branch of the National Asylum for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers in 1867, according to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.

A soldier at parade rest sits on top of a 30-foot marble column on a granite base. Four figures representing the Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Navy are placed at the corners of the base.

President Rutherford B. Hayes delivered the dedication address on Sept. 12, 1877, to a crowd of about 22,000. Two ornamental artillery cannons are located at the base of Soldiers’ Monument.

>>> FROM 2010: National Soldiers’ Monument repaired with federal funds

Grave marker for Martin Robison Delany
Greene County

Dr. Floyd Thomas has helped oversee the purchase of a new memorial monument to Martin Delany that will be placed near this grave marker at Massies Creek Cemetery in Greene County. Delany was a doctor, judge, commissioned officer, lawyer and political activist during the Civil War era. Photo by Lisa Powell

Martin Delany, buried at Massies Creek Cemetery near Wilberforce, was the only African-American to attain the rank of Major in the Civil War.

Delany served as a recruiter for the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment. He was commissioned a major in the U.S. Army in March 1865, and given command of 104th United States Colored Troops.

A new monument to Delany has been erected near the Civil War-era tombstone that misspelled his last name.

Military monuments in the region

Source: Cincinnati Museum Center