The designation means wind gusts reached speeds as high as 135 mph.
Severe weather destroyed the Goodman fire department and left extensive damage at the local elementary school. At least one apartment complex was also damaged.
>> Photos: Damage from Goodman tornado
One person was taken to the hospital with injuries that did not appear to be life-threatening.
School is canceled Thursday for the Neosho School District, including Goodman Elementary School.
The mayor of nearby Anderson is asking people to conserve water, because power is out to the water towers after the storm.
Goodman is a town of just over 1,200 people in southwest Missouri, according to 2010 U.S. Census data.
The Cox Media Group National Content Desk contributed to this report.